E. R. Blatchley, and B.Z. Sun
Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Mineral precipitation on to the quartz surface of the lamp jackets in UV disinfection process (fouling) has been recognized as a major problem for UV radiation delivery during disinfection operation. Fouling behavior was observed to be induced thermally and influenced by hydraulic character of the UV disinfection configuration. Fouling process involves momentum, heat, and mass transport within ...
O. Ecin, E. Engelien, M. Malek, R. Viga, B. Hosticka, and A. Grabmaier
Institut of Mikroelektronische Systeme, University Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
Institut of Elektronische Bauelemente und Schaltungen, University Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
This communication reports on a numeric fluid dynamics simulation on a pipe flow model. The basic background is to determine the velocity of a flowing fluid in a pipe by using the Thermal Time-Of-Flight (TTOF) method on water. The visualization of the temperature and velocity distribution in the pipe model is being carried out in order to enable proper design and optimization of the TTOF sensor. ...
Solving Distributed Optimal Control Problems for the Unsteady Burgers Equation in COMSOL Multiphysics®
F. Yilmaz and B. Karasözen
Department of Mathematics, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
Department of Mathematics and Institute of Applied Mathematics, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey
We use COMSOL Multiphysics® for solving distributed optimal control of un- steady Burgers equation without constraints and with pointwise control constraints. Using the first order optimality conditions, we apply projection and semi-smooth Newton methods for solving the optimality system. We have applied the standard approach by integrating the state equation forward in time and the ad- joint ...
A. Singh, S. Maini, and M. Anupma
 Department of Electrical & Instrumentation Engineering, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology , Longowal (Deemed University), Punjab, India
The electromagnetic fields have a great influence on the behavior of all the living systems. The human body itself is a source of naturally generated electric and magnetic fields. When external signals of comparable strength flows through the human body; the nature of changes that such signals could induce in natural electrochemical processes and voltage is a subject of interest and of ...
H. Ghali, and A. Hossam
Electrical Engineering Department, British University in Egypt, Cairo, Egypt
Most probably Gauss\'s law is considered as the first \"electromagnetic\" concept for early undergraduate physics and electromagnetic courses. In early study year, teaching Gauss’s law is usually performed based on two main components; 1) The use of simple symmetrical charge distributions where a correct expectation of the spatial behavior of the electric flux density is possible and 2) The use ...
E. Giuri, A. Ricci, and S.L. Marasso
Politecnico di Torino, Materials Science and Chemical Engineering Department, Turin, Italy
In this work, time dependent thermal analyses, performed on the 3D FE model of a multilevel Lab on Chip (LOC) platform are executed in order to gain insight into the temperature distribution within the device. By means of the COMSOL Multiphysics CAD import module, an extremely close 3D reproduction of the actual device, allowing to probe temperatures in those regions where an experimental ...
Variable Capacitance And Pull-In Voltage Analysis Of Electrically Actuated Meander-Suspended Superconducting MEMS
N. AlCheikh, P. Xavier, J.M. Duchamp, C.H. Boucher, and K. Schuster
Institute of Microelectronics, Electromagnetism and Photonics (IMEP-LAHC), Minatec, Grenoble, France
Institute of Millimetric Radio Astronomy (IRAM), Grenoble, France
Variable capacitors between the fF and pF range are very interesting for high frequency applications like variable filters, resonators, etc. For radio astronomy applications variable capacitors, realized by electrostatically actuated, micromechanical Meanders-suspended bridges (MEMS) made of superconducting Niobium, have been measured to find C(V). A non plane capacitance behavior have been ...
M.H. Baghban, P. Jostein Hovde, and A. Gustavsen
Civil and Transport Engineering Department, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Department of Architectural Design, History and Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Simulation tools for building physics problems play an important role in design and understanding the behavior of energy efficient buildings. There are different tools available for simulation of these problems, but each simulation tool has its own advantages and limitations. In this paper, a heat transfer problem in an exterior building wall with high performance materials has been simulated in ...
E. Barega, E. Zondervan, and A.B. De Haan
Eindhoven University of Technology, Dep. Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Eindhoven, the Netherlands
The mixer-settler principle is commonly used for industrial extraction processes. This is done by mixing the two immiscible liquids to perform mass transfer and subsequently separating them in gravity settler. However, when drop size becomes small, separation in a settler becomes difficult and entrainment of valuable chemical occurs. Moreover, entrained impurities dilute the product. ...
T.I. Bjørnarå, F. Cuisiat, E. Aker, and E. Skurtveit
Norwegian Geotechnical Institute(NGI), Oslo, Norway
The geomechanical effects related to CO2 injection into the Krechba formation at In Salah, Algeria, are considered through a coupled modeling approach to simulate simultaneously CO2 migration in the aquifer and the surrounding formations, as well as the poro-elastic stress changes occurring during injection. The model is based on the simultaneous resolution of the governing equations for two ...