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Numerical Simulation of the Lithium-Ion Battery Cell Discharge Characteristics - new

Z. Umar[1], D. Ledwoch[1], L. Komsiyska[1], S. Vasić[[1]
[1]EWE-Forschungszentrum für Energietechnologie e. V, Oldenburg, Germany

In general battery cells are charged/discharged using constant current or constant power expressed as C-Rates and P-Rates respectively. We are developing a single cell-level Li-Ion battery model in order to simulate the performance and the physicochemical phenomena under power discharging mode (P-Rate). The P-Rate is defined as the measure of the rate at which a battery charges/discharges ...

Thermal Design of Lithium Sulfur Batteries

R. Purkayastha [1], S. Schleuter [1], G. Minton [1], S. Walus [1], M. Wild [1],
[1] Oxis Energy Ltd, E1 Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, United Kingdom

OXIS Energy Ltd is a pioneer in the research and development of Lithium Sulfur batteries. Scaling up from R&D level coin cells to pouch cells for automotive use, engineering design and thermal management start to become critical. In this study, heat flow at various levels of the cell is investigated. We analyzed different heat flow scenarios of the cell, and found that standard pack arrangements ...

Implementation of a Modified Anisotropic Creep Model for Clays with Use of the Physics Builder

M. Karlsson [1], J. Yannie [1],
[1] Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

In this work a modified anisotropic creep model with structure for soft soils was implemented by using the Physics Builder. The model is validated against boundary value laboratory test such as undrained tri-axial tests and CRS (constant rate of strain) tests. The implemented user-defined MAC-s constitutive model seems to capture many of the important behaviors seen in soft soils.

Evaluation of the Shutdown Time of Subsea Pipeline for Oil Transportation - new

D. Maciel[1], N. Bouchonneau[1]
[1]Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

The maintenance plan or rush-to-repair of a subsea pipeline for oil transport may result in the shutdown of the line, in other words, may stop the flow of fluid. During the shutdown, the temperature of the oil tends to decrease continuously, and the heavy molecules tend to crystallize and suspend in the oil, which increase the viscosity of the oil, and even form a paraffinic compound or freeze ...

Modeling Degradation in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

R. Purkayastha [1], G. Minton [1], L. O'Neill [1], S. Walus [1], M. Wild [1], M. Marinescu [2], T. Zhang [2], G. Offer [2]
[1] Oxis Energy Ltd, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
[2] Mechanical Engineering Department, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Two Anode Surface processes are examined : Formation of Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) and heating due to Shuttle Current. During charging, higher order sulfur species are reduced at the anode surface, while they are concurrently being oxidized at the cathode. This leads to the formation of a parasitic ‘shuttle’ current. We show that heating due to this shuttle current can lead to large ...

Simulation of the Flow of an Autonomous Spherical Ball inside a Pipeline

W. Chalgham [1], A. C. Seibi [1], M. Mokhtari [1],
[1] University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA, USA

One of the limitations of pipelines performance and structural integrity assessment is the continuous inspection of possible leaks due to corrosion or other types of failure mechanisms. Efforts to develop new technologies started several decades ago where different inspection techniques were used to enhance pipelines structural integrity. However, although available technologies present some ...

Influence of Limescale on Heating Elements Efficiency

A. Pezzin[1], M. Giansetti[1], A. Ferri[1]
[1]Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

Electric resistances are widely used as heating elements in domestic and industrial equipment; since process water contains calcium carbonate and calcium bicarbonate, limescale plays an important role on global efficiency of water-heating systems. Calcium carbonate has a very low thermal conductivity (2.2 W/(m*K)) and the carbonate deposit on the heating element causes a decrease of the overall ...

3D Acoustic-Structure Interaction of Ultrasound in Fluids for the Manufacture of Graded Materials

J. Holt [1], C. Torres-Sanchez [1], P. Conway [1], M. G. Garcia-Romero [1],
[1] The Wolfson School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK

Functionally graded materials (FGM) are those that contain chemical, phase or structural gradients. Whilst the design of functionally graded structures is well researched in areas such as shape optimisation and topology optimization, their manufacture is still in development. One potential method for manufacturing functional gradients within materials is the application of sonication, this is, ...

Finite Element Analysis of Transient Ballistic-Diffusive Heat Transfer in Two-Dimensional Structures - new

S. Hamian[1], T. Yamada[2], M. Faghri[3], K. Park[1]
[1]University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
[2]Lund University, Lund, Sweden
[3]University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA

For the last two centuries, the conventional Fourier heat conduction equation has been used for modeling a diffusive nature of macroscale heat conduction by considering the energy conservation and Fourier's linear approximation of heat flux. However, it cannot accurately predict heat transport when the length scale is comparable to or smaller than the mean free path of thermal energy carriers or ...

Simulation of Thermal Elastohydrodynamic Lubricated (TEHL) Gear Contacts

T. Lohner [1], A. Ziegltrum [1], K. Stahl [1],
[1] Gear Research Centre (FZG), Technical University of Munich (TUM), Garching, Germany

Thermal elastohydrodynamic lubricated (TEHL) contacts occur very frequently in drive technology and thus in gear drives. In this presentation, the implementation of a finite element based TEHL simulation approach for gear contacts in COMSOL Multiphysics® software is shown. The physically based simulation approach used is different to most of the existing TEHL simulations and is required to ...