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Field Joint Coatings for Deep Sea Pipelines - new

R. Verhelle[1], L. Van Lokeren[1], S. Loulidi[1], H. Boyd[2], G. Van Assche[1]
[1]Physical Chemistry & Polymer Science, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
[2]Heerema Marine Contractors, Leiden, The Netherlands

COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the field joint application process on carbon steel pipelines for deep sea crude oil transportation, taking into account not only heat transfer, cure kinetics, and crystallization, but also thermal, cure and crystallization shrinkage and the resulting interfacial thermal stresses. Experimental data from the raw materials are implemented in the model ...

Simulating Forced Convection in a Bingham Plastic Fluid

E. Tejaswini [1], B. Sreenivasulu [1], B. Srinivas [1],
[1]Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

In this work, the heat transfer characteristics of two heated cylinders of square cross-section immersed in a streaming Bingham plastic medium have been studied. The governing differential equations (continuity, momentum and thermal energy) have been solved numerically over wide range of conditions as: plastic Reynolds number, 0.1 ≤ Re ≤ 40, Prandtl number, 1 ≤ Pr ≤ 100, Bingham number, 0 ≤ Bn ≤ ...

Single Phase Flow Models in Fractal Porous Media Using a Fractal Continuum Mechanics Approach

E. Linares-Pérez [1], M. Díaz-Viera [1, 2],
[1] Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Coyoacán, DF, México
[2] Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo, Ciudad de México, DF, México

The primary motivation of this work was to develop flow models in porous media with fractal properties to represent the anomalous behavior observed in some pressure tests in naturally fractured reservoirs.

Analysis of an Automobile Disc Brake

H. Krishnan [1], T. Zhu [1], Y. Zeng [1],
[1] University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA

The study investigates the thermal and mechanical effect of a braking action on a ventilated carbon ceramic brake disc assembly and determines the best vane profiles for maximum cooling and dissipation of heat.

Studying Magnetohydrodynamic Effects in Liquid Metal Flow Under Transverse Magnetic Field Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

S. Sahu[1], R. Bhattacharyay[1], E. Rajendrakumar[1]
[1]Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, India

Liquid metals are foreseen as a multipurpose coolant in fusion blanket systems. However, the strongly magnetic environment of the fusion reactor hinders the regular flow of the liquid metal. It interacts with transverse magnetic field and produces a Lorentz force opposing the flow, modifying the regular flow profile in the circular pipe or rectangular ducts. Complex geometry and lack of ...

Application of COMSOL Multiphysics® Pipe Flow Module to Develop a High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) System Loop Model

P. K. Jain[1], D. Wang[1], J. D. Freels[1]
[1]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) is the highest flux reactor-based source of neutrons for research in the United States. Thermal and cold neutrons produced by HFIR are used to study physics, chemistry, material science, engineering, and biology. Currently, RELAP5 code is the primary transient safety analysis tool used to perform thermal-hydraulic system safety ...

Implementation of a Modified Anisotropic Creep Model for Clays with Use of the Physics Builder

M. Karlsson [1], J. Yannie [1],
[1] Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

In this work a modified anisotropic creep model with structure for soft soils was implemented by using the Physics Builder. The model is validated against boundary value laboratory test such as undrained tri-axial tests and CRS (constant rate of strain) tests. The implemented user-defined MAC-s constitutive model seems to capture many of the important behaviors seen in soft soils.

Numerical Study of Laminar Forced Convection Cooling of Circuit Board Mounted Heat Source Array

S. Durgam [1], S. P. Venkateshan [1], T. Sundararajan [1],
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India

This paper deals with the numerical study of optimal distribution of rectangular heat sources populated on a substrate board for electronic cooling. The simulations are performed for laminar forced convection conjugate heat transfer with vertical orientation of substrate board. The laminar forced convection - conjugate heat transfer simulations are carried out using COMSOL Multiphysics® with ...

Development of a COMSOL Application for the Efficient Evaluation of an Engineered Barrier System

D. Sampietro [1], E. Abarca [1], H. von Schenck [2], J. Molinero [1]
[1] Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
[2] Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden

Radioactive waste repositories include barriers that work to contain the waste, thereby protecting human health and the environment. In deep geological disposal systems, barriers include the natural geological barrier and the engineered barrier system (EBS). The ability of the EBS to limit groundwater flow is important and optimized design solutions are often sought by means of numerical ...

Multiphysics Process Simulation of the Electromagnetic-Supported Laser Beam Welding

M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, and M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing
Berlin, Germany

The article deals with the magnetically-supported high-power full-penetration laser beam welding of aluminum. A stationary simulation was conducted accounting for the effects of natural convection, Marangoni convection and solid-liquid phase transition as well as an electromagnetic volume source term. An ac magnet below the weld specimen induces eddy currents. Consequently, Lorentz forces occur ...