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Reducing Solar Heat Gain from Inclined Buildings’ Roof by Using Radiant Barrier System

S. Ebrahim[1], A. Alshayji[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait

The study produced a simulated model of natural convection in an inclined rectangular channel open ended with different locations of radiant barrier (RB) along the channel thickness(S). The upper plate is heated by various uniform constant heat fluxes while the inner surface of the lower plate has a very thin layer with low emissive aluminum foil. This model was used to adjust the location of ...

2D Axisymmetric Temperature Profile Modeling of a Delayed Coking Drum During Pre-Run Warm Up

P. H. A. Valenca [1], A. Waturuocha [1], K. Wisecarver [1],
[1] Russell School of Chemical Engineering, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK, USA

Delayed Coking is a refining process, which takes heavy petroleum residue as a feed. A 2D axisymmetric stationary model was created to simulate this pre-run condition with nitrogen gas, as an attempt to calibrate the model before simulating with an oil residue. The single-phase laminar flow and the heat transfer in fluids modules were used simultaneously. The results show that the model ...

Application of Kelvin's Inversion Theorem to the Solution of Laplace's Equation Over a Domain That Includes the Unbounded Exterior of a Sphere

J. Russell[1]
[1]Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, USA

In simulating physical systems modeled as solutions of partial differential equations over an unbounded domain, a challenge arises owing to the impossibility to cover an unbounded domain with a mesh. A classical problem in fluid dynamics, a solid sphere of radius a_s is submerged in a tank of water (at rest) of much larger size. The water is disturbed by the sphere’s sudden acceleration in the z ...

Modeling of Near-Field Ultrasonic Levitation: Resolving Viscous and Acoustic Effects

I .F. Melikhov [1], A. S. Amosov [1], S. A. Chivilikhin [2],
[1] Corning Scientific Center, Saint Petersburg, Russia
[2] ITMO University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Ultrasonic levitation is a novel technology for contactless handing of various objects. It is already used in various manufacturing processes where it is important to keep untouched surface. In this paper we introduce a model of so-called near-field ultrasonic levitation which allows flying heights of the hundred-micron order. Our model computes air flow in the gap between a vibration source and ...

Design and Simulation of MEMS Micro Heater for DNA Amplification

D. Sharma [1], A. Siddiqua [1],
[1] Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) is a recent well researched technique which can be employed to obtain an amplified DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid). A continuous flow polymerase chain reaction with integrated MEMS based design micro heater for DNA amplification is implemented. Temperature zone is obtained by natural heat conduction rather than making use of typical silicon thermal cycler. Inter ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® 在热发电用真空集热管设计中的应用

赵旭山 [1], 郝雷 [1], 蒋利军 [1], 米菁 [1], 杨海龄 [1],
[1] 北京有色金属研究总院,北京,中国

随着能源紧张、油价攀升,环境污染严重,利用可再生绿色能源又成为不懈努力的方向。槽式太阳能热发电技术具有兼容性强、对电网冲击小、性价比高、发电成本低、可存储可调度等特点,近年来得到了迅猛发展,其核心部件为高温太阳能真空集热管,如图1所示。本研究利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 针对真空集热管真实工况下的动态过程开展研究,并在此基础上开展集热管结构的优化设计。 由图 1 可知:集热管在电站中服役工况下,槽面会聚的太阳光主要集中于集热管下半面,上半面接收的会聚太阳光较少;导热工质自吸收管一端进入,接收会聚太阳光辐照能量,从吸收管另一端流出,流入→流出过程中,导热工质被加热;集热管外表面与外部环境通过热辐射和对流两种方式换热;吸收管与玻璃罩管间形成的环形密闭高真空区域各内表面通过热辐射换热,不考虑对流;集热管两端支撑固定于聚光器上,由于本身自重和热应力,会产生一定形变。 ...

Numerical Modeling and Verification of Acoustic Streaming Induced by Ultrasonic Treatment

D. Rubinetti [1], D. A. Weiss [1], J. Müller [2], A. Wahlen [2],
[1] Institute of Thermal and Fluid Engineering, University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, Windisch, Switzerland
[2] Institute of Product and Production Engineering, University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, Windisch, Switzerland

Acoustic streaming (AS) describes a physical phenomenon where an oscillating sound emitter induces a steady fluid motion. Metal processing industry applies this treatment for grain morphology adjustments during the solidification of metal. Improvement and further development of this technique focus on numerical modeling to reduce substantial costs for test rigs and field tests. This study ...

Magneto-Hydrodynamic Numerical Study of DC Electromagnetic Pump for Liquid Metal

A. Daoud, and N. Kandev
Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Quebec (LTE), Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada

The electromagnetic pumping (EMP) of electrically-conducting fluid is of growing interest for many industrial applications requiring precise flow control, enabling stopping or reversing flow direction without any moving parts or mechanical devices. Presented in this work are the results of a 3D numerical magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of direct current (DC) EMP for liquid ...

Modeling of Silicon Transport into Germanium Using a Simplified Crystal Growth Technique

F. Mechighel[1][3], B. Pateyron[1], M. El Ganaoui[1], S. Dost[2], and M. Kadja[3]

[1]Laboratory SPCTS UMR CNRS, ENSCI, Limoges University, Limoges, France
[2]Crystal Growth Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Victoria, Canada
[3]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Constantine, Constantine, Algeria

A numerical simulation study, using COMSOL Multiphysics®, was carried out to examine the temperature and concentration fields in the dissolution process of silicon into germanium melt. This work utilized a simplified configuration which may be considered to be similar material configuration to that used in the Vertical Bridgman growth methods. The concentration profile for the SiGe sample ...

On The Modelling Of Electrowetting Using COMSOL Multiphysics

J.F. Dannenberg, J. Brinkert, and E.A.D. Lamers
Reden b.v., Hengelo (ov.), The Netherlands

One of the upcoming technologies in displays is that of the electrowetting displays. A surface can be covered by a colored oil or transparent water using a voltage to increase or decrease the wettability of the surface. A simulation of the behavior of such a thin film of oil in water, forced to move due an electrostatic field, has been made using the level-set, two-phase flow application mode ...