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Constraints on Ocean Floor Permeability from Hydrothermal Modelling - new

S. Titarenko[1], A. McCaig[1]
[1]School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK

The Atlantis massif is a domal submarine seamount close to the mid-Atlantic Ridge at 30 °N. Close to the crest of the Massif, the Lost City hydrothermal field (LCHF) has been active for at least 120,000 years, venting fluids with a temperature of 40-90 °C. 5 km north of Lost City, a temperature profile has been measured in IODP Hole 1309D, with a near-conductive thermal gradient of ~100 °C/km ...

Modelling of a Wool Hydrolysis Reactor - new

M. Giansetti[1], A. Pezzin[1], S. Sicardi[1], G. Rovero[1]
[1]Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

The Life+ GreenWoolF project is aimed at demonstrating that green hydrolysis with superheated water is an effective way to convert wool wastes into organic nitrogen fertilizers. The core of the process is represented by the reaction tank (Figure 1) in which the hydrolyses reaction takes place. The temperature of the material during the reaction is one of the most influencing parameter and has to ...

Microwave Heating Simulation of Frozen Pie - new

F. Chen[1], T. Gulati[1], H. Zhu[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

This research studies the thermal effect of frozen pie heating in the microwave oven. Considering as composite material, the properties of pie derived based on its composition. Here the package, susceptor’s influence to the temperature distribution is also studied.

Design of High Performance Micromixer for Lab-On-Chip (LOC) Applications

K. Karthikeyan[1] , L. Sujatha[1]
[1]Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

This paper presents the design and simulation of micromixer for Lab-On-Chip (LOC) applications. There are two types of micromixers: one is an active micromixer and another one is a passive micromixer. This paper investigates microfluidic flow characterization and mixing rate of two fluids in a micro- channel. Understanding the microfluidic flow at the micro channel is a develop methods of mixing ...

Optimization of Smart Diaphragm Material for Pressure Sensor in Ventilators

M. Algappan[1], P. C. Chakravarthi[1], R. Keerthana[1], S. Mangayarkarasi[1], A. Kandaswamy[1]
[1]PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

A medical ventilator is an imperative device used to save life by delivering an assortment of air and oxygen into and out of the patients’ lungs to administer breathing or to assist obligatory breathing. The commercially available diaphragm based pressure sensors made up of silicon measure the air and oxygen flow. The proposed work utilizes the Piezo electric material for the pressure range ...

Estimation of Critical Parameters of Drop-Drop Electrocoalescence Using a Multiple-Drop System - new

S. S. Kulkarni[1], V. A. Juvekar[1], A. Chheda[2]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Electrocoalescence is the phenomenon of coalescence of droplets suspended in an insulating liquid or in a gas under the action of an electric field. Electrocoalescence is considered a promising tool in many petrochemical industries for desalting crude oils. However, this technique suffers from some drawbacks such as short circuiting of electrodes, limitations on applied electric field and its ...

The Effect of Resistance on Rocket Injector Acoustics

C. J. Morgan [1], S. R. Fischbach [1],
[1] Jacobs ESSSA Group, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

This study evaluates the effect of injector resistance on the mode shapes and complex eigenfrequencies of an injector/combustion chamber system by defining a high Mach-flow, potential flow form of the convective wave equation in the Coefficient Form PDE Mathematics interface. Background steady-state flow conditions are determined through a NASA Marshall Space Flight Center in-house fluid ...

Simulation of Electro-Thermal Behavior of an Overlap Solder Interconnection

A. Koushki [1],
[1] Rostock University, Rostock, Germany

Solder connections are one of the most essential parts of the PCBs. Despite many well-known scientific works that have been done about overlap solder interconnection properties, such as fracture, fatigue and reliability studies, little attention have been given to the investigation of the connection between effects of electrical properties and laboratory soldering shortages such as effects of ...

Optimization of an Electrochemistry System

D. Mi [1],
[1] KEISOKU Engineering System Co., Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Optimization of a typical electrochemical system with insulating shields is considered in this work, which objective is to reduce the current peak due to singularity and smooth the current density distribution along electrode surface. Moving mesh method was adopted to allow change in design variables, i.e., position and width of the insulating shields. It was found that combining optimization ...

Investigation of Performance of SOFC in Hydrocarbon Fuel

S. T. Aruna [1], S. Senthil[1], S. Chauhan [1], B. Shriprakash [1],
[1] CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

SOFC is a high temperature electrochemical device known for its fuel flexibility. Apart from using pure hydrogen, it can utilize CO (carbon monoxide), CH4 (methane) or any other higher hydrocarbon. Since methane is highly researched hydrocarbon fuel, it was chosen to start with. The most prominent problem faced while using hydrocarbon fuel in SOFC is the formation and deposition of carbon on the ...