J.C. Boulware, and S. Jensen
Space Dynamics Laboratory, North Logan, UT, USA
Using COMSOL Multiphysics, studies were performed showing that thermomagnetic siphoning (TMS) is a sufficient manner of regulating the temperature of a bundle of current-carrying wires wrapped with a magnetorheological fluid (MRF) jacket. Because of Curie’s Law, the cooler MRF on the outside of the jacket is drawn towards the wires due to the induced magnetic field. The process continually ...
E. Engström, B. Balfors, and R. Thunvik
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In this study we evaluate transport, retention and subsistence of Escherichia coli (E. coli), a common fecal indicator bacteria, in a model (2x1m) of a constructed wetland. Transport occurs in the unsaturated and saturated zone. Inactivation is accounted for as a kinetic first-order process. Retention is assumed to be dominated by solid-air-water interface straining and is modeled with a kinetic ...
A. Bradji, E. Holzbecher, and M.S. Litz
Department of Mathematics, University of Annaba, Algeria
Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany
It is well known that the convergence rate of a numerical model is significantly reduced, when the genuine character of the setting with differential equation and boundary condition is not given anymore. Here we examine the decrease of convergence order for models using COMSOL in which the problem set-up includes a coupling between a 1D and a 2D subdomain. In terms of physics we are dealing with ...
Comparison of Computational Methods for the Estimation of the Dielectrophoretic Force Acting on Biological Cells and Aggregates in Silicon Lab-on-chip
S. Burgarella, F. Maggioni, and G. Naldi
STMicroelectronics, Agrate Brianza, Milan, Italy
Department of Mathematics, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
Dielectrophoresis is a method for cell manipulation in miniaturized devices exploiting the dielectric properties of cells and/or cellular aggregates suspended in a fluid and subjected to a high-gradient electric field. The mathematical expression of the force is obtained by a multipole expansion whose terms involve increasing power of the particle\'s radius. Three methods for the expression ...
G. Rosi, L. Teresi, A. DiCarlo, and F. dell'Isola
LaMS - Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza", Roma, Italy
Liquid crystals - as all liquids - are generally modelled as incompressible media. In fact, mass-density changes occurring in these mesophases are minuscule and inconsequential in most regimes of interest. However, liquid crystals exhibit also phenomena that call for a more refined theory. In particular, it is experimentally well established that the Fréedericksz transition - i.e., the sudden ...
P.K. Jain, V.B. Khane, J.D. Freels
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA
Simulation models for steady state thermal hydraulics analyses of ORNL’s HFIR have been developed using COMSOL. A single fuel plate and coolant channel of each type of HFIR fuel element was modeled in three dimensions. The standard k-? turbulence model was used in simulating turbulent flow with conjugate heat transfer. The COMSOL models were developed to be fully parameterized to allow ...
Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies
M.S. Yeoman, C. Quah, A. Cizinauskas, K. Cooper, D. McNally, B. Boszczyk
Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...
F. Ye, M. Burns, J. Merlo, M. Naughton
Department of Physics, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA
We present the simulation, observation and systematic study of a novel optical phenomenon, a “plasmonic halo”, wherein optically pumped surface plasmons on circular silver microcavities form confined drumhead modes that, under off-resonant conditions, transform to colorful far field radiation at their circumferential boundaries. We simulated the surface plasmon drumhead modes via COMSOL ...
KIRAN GEORGE, SHINOY K S
M A College of Engineering, Electrical and Electronics, Kothamangalam, Ernakulam,Kerala, India
ISRO, Electrical and Electronics, Trivandrum,Kerala, India
The demand for high reliability motor drives increases every day, especially in aircraft where traditional, nonelectric systems (hydraulic, pneumatic) are being replaced by electrical actuators following the More Electric Aircraft (MEA) trend. Its pursuing involves the adoption of protective design concepts such as fault-tolerant or redundant approaches, aiming to minimize mission failure ...
E. Tempfli, F.P. Schmidt
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Fluid Machinery (FSM), Karlsruhe, Germany
The paper investigates the hydrodynamic performance of a hierarchical parallel channel network for the objective of optimal thermal coupling to heat released in the adsorption processes, as in adsorption heat pumps. More specifically, the uniformity of the fluid flow over the network is improved by optimizing the topology of the manifold channels of the two hierarchical levels. For this purpose ...