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Detector and Calibration-source Models for the SAFARI Detector Test Facility

M. Audley[1], G. de Lange[1], C. Bracken[2]
[1]SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Groningen, The Netherlands
[2]National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Ireland

SAFARI is a far-infrared imaging spectrometer for the Japanese satellite observatory SPICA. SAFARI covers the wavelength range 34—210 μm (1.4—8.8 THz) using Transition-Edge-Sensor (TES) bolometers. We have built a test facility to qualify and characterize the SAFARI focal plane units using cryogenic optical calibration sources. To support this work we have used COMSOL Multiphysics® to model the ...

An Assessment of the Suitability of the Body and Adult Head Coils for Transmission during Paediatric Magnetic Resonance Imaging

G.R. Cook[1], M.J. Graves[1], F.J. Robb[2], D.J. Lomas[1]
[1]Department of Radiology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
[2]General Electric Healthcare Coils, Aurora, Ohio, USA

MRI offers many advantages over other modalities and its lack of ionizing radiation is important for children, but can be limited by the radio-frequency (RF) coils available. This work calculates Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) and homogeneity of the RF transmit field (B1+) when imaging infants in adult coils. Two birdcage-type coils were loaded by a tissue model and their B1+ homogeneities ...

Near-Wall Dynamics of Microbubbles in an Acoustical Trap - new

L. Wright[1], G. Memoli[1], P. Jones[2], E. Stride[3]
[1]National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK
[2]University College London, London, UK
[3]University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Understanding the interactions between microbubbles and surfaces is key to the successful deployment of microbubbles in a range of applications. Two important examples are their use as a drug delivery mechanism, and their potential use of acoustically-driven bubbles as microscale sensors. Drug delivery with bubbles involves sonication at high frequency close to a boundary, and sensing with ...

Implicit Large Eddy Simulations of 2D Flow and Heat Transfer in Thermoacoustic Resonators

N. Martaj [1,2], S. Savarese [3], S. Kouidri [3], M. M. ALI [4,5]
[1] EPF Ecole d’ingénieurs, Montpellier, France
[2] Institut d'Electronique et des Systèmes, Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France
[3] Armélio, Les Ulis, Courtabœuf, France
[4] LIMSI-CNRS, Orsay, France
[5] UPMC Univ Paris 06, Paris, France

The reduction of energy consumption in the building sector (nearly 40% of the energy consumption in Europe) is a real challenge to achieve the objective of the “2020 European climate and energy package”. In recent years, great interest is observed for the Stirling thermoacoustic machines. Nonlinearities due to the high level of acoustic pressure generate DC flows that are superimposed on the ...

Free Convection In A Square Cavity Partially Filled With Porous Media With Spatial Wall Temperature

A. I. A. Alsabery [1]
[1] Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia

Free convective fluid flow and heat transfer in cavity domains has received considerable attention over the past few years and the importance of this problem is due to the broad spectrum of industrial applications and environmental situations. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of Darcian free convective heat transfer in a square cavity partially filled with porous media with ...

Optimization of an Electrochemistry System

D. Mi [1],
[1] KEISOKU Engineering System Co., Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Optimization of a typical electrochemical system with insulating shields is considered in this work, which objective is to reduce the current peak due to singularity and smooth the current density distribution along electrode surface. Moving mesh method was adopted to allow change in design variables, i.e., position and width of the insulating shields. It was found that combining optimization ...

Investigation of Performance of SOFC in Hydrocarbon Fuel

S. T. Aruna [1], S. Senthil[1], S. Chauhan [1], B. Shriprakash [1],
[1] CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

SOFC is a high temperature electrochemical device known for its fuel flexibility. Apart from using pure hydrogen, it can utilize CO (carbon monoxide), CH4 (methane) or any other higher hydrocarbon. Since methane is highly researched hydrocarbon fuel, it was chosen to start with. The most prominent problem faced while using hydrocarbon fuel in SOFC is the formation and deposition of carbon on the ...

实现微流控粒子分选芯片几何参数预估与高效设计的传递函数拟合法

张岩 [1],
[1] 清华大学精密仪器系,北京,中国

引言: 对于微流控分选芯片而言,分支出口的位置、宽度等几何参数会直接影响到粒子分选精度与回收效率。但是,遗憾的是,对于流道各分支出口位置的高效设计方法却鲜有报道。当前的设计方法主要是对每一种目标粒子直接进行轨迹仿真[1~7]。但这种方法的运算成本巨大,如果粒子分散体系涉及到的粒径种类繁多且流道结构复杂,那么对每种粒径都进行仿真分析将会使得计算量与计算精度之间的矛盾愈加尖锐;而且,每引入一种没有被仿真研究过的粒径,都要对其重新进行仿真运算,运算成本巨大[8~10]。 据此,本文提出了一种结合有限元分析仿真与系统辨识方法的粒子出射位置预测方法:利用少量的几组仿真实验结果即可以对多分散粒子体系进行出射位置的定量预测,大大减小运算量,提高芯片几何设计的效率。具体方案如下: COMSOL Multiphysics® 软件的使用: 首先,进行仿真实验,获得原始拟合数据。仿真分为两部分 ...

Frequency and Electrode Separation Recommendations for EDA Measurements

S. Sridhar [1], T. J. Akl [1],
[1] Analog Devices Inc., Wilmington, MA, USA

Electrodermal Activity (EDA) is a measure of changes in the conductivity of the skin. It has have been found to be indicative of the individual’s autonomic nervous activity which is correlated to their stress and emotional state. These conductivity changes are tracked by injecting a small electric current directly into the skin and measuring the induced voltage drop over time. With increase in ...

Multiphysics Modeling of a Minimally Invasive Tissue Ablation Methodology

J. S. Crompton [1], J. Thomas [1], K. Koppenhoefer [1],
[1] AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA

Necrosis of human tissue can typically be obtained by exposure to temperatures below 40°C or above +50°C. However, inherent variability in tissue properties, the complexity of tissue response and dissipation of thermal energy by local perfusion or blood flow can make the development of routine, predictable in-vivo approaches to produce necrosis difficult. Although a number of thermal ablation ...