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Small Scale Yielding Model for Fracture Mechanics - new

K. C. Koppenhoefer[1], J. Thomas[1], J. S. Crompton[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, LLC., Columbus, OH, USA

Computational tools based on the finite element method have been used extensively to develop solutions for elastic and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics problems. This work uses a small-scale yielding model to compare results developed from COMSOL Multiphysics® with another finite element modeling package and analytical solutions. Analysis are conducted for elastic, and elastic-plastic ...

Simulator for Automotive Evaporative Emissions Restraint Systems

S. Schlüter [1], E. Schieferstein [1], T. Hennig [1], K. Meller [1],
[1] Fraunhofer UMSICHT, Oberhausen, Germany

Fuel vapor restraint systems are used in vehicles to avoid discharge of volatile hydrocarbons from fuel tanks. The topic of this paper is the proper operation of fuel vapor restraint systems depending on the composition of bioethanol-fuel-blends. Experimental data serve as input to a model built with COMSOL Multiphysics® to simulate the performance of fuel vapor restraint systems depending on ...

Design and Analysis of MEMS Gyroscope

L. Sujatha[1], B. Preethi[1]
[1]Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, India

MEMS gyroscope technology provides cost- effective method for improving directional estimation and overall accuracy in the navigation systems. This paper presents a tuning- fork gyroscope (TFG) [1] with a perforated proof mass. The perforated proof mass used in the design enables the reduction of the damping effect. This MEMS based gyroscope was designed using COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a. This ...

Analysis Of Linearly Polarized Modes

I. Avram, and I. Gavril Tarnovan
The Technical University of Cluj Napoca
Cluj, Romania

This paper presents a study on the propagation modes of electromagnetic waves through a step index fiber optics. To analyze the propagation of electromagnetic field, a simulation in Comsol 4.0 has been implemented using two different optical fibers. Obtaining the propagation modes, called linearly polarized modes (LPnm) to get their characterization according to the radial and azimuthal ...

Exploratory FEM-Based Multiphysics Oxygen Transport and Cell Viability Models for Isolated Pancreatic Islets

P. Buchwald
Diabetes Research Institute and the Department of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA

Cellular-level oxygen consumption and cell viability models incorporating physiologically realistic assumptions and fully scaled 2D/3D geometries have been implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics for isolated pancreatic islets. Oxygen consumption was assumed to follow Michaelis-Menten–type kinetics and to cease when local concentrations fell below a critical threshold. Results are in good agreement ...

Two- and Three-Dimensional Holey Phononic Crystals with Unit Cells of Resonators

Y.F. Wang[1][2], Y.S. Wang[1], L. Wang[2]
[1]Institute of Engineering Mechanics, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Østfold University College, Halden, Norway

We show in this paper that by careful design of the geometry of the resonators, complete bandgap with relatively low center frequency can be obtained for 2D and 3D Phononic Crystals with resonators. The generation of the bandgap is due to the local resonance of the unit cell. Spring-mass and spring-pendulum models are developed to predict the boundaries of the complete bandgap. The predicted ...

CVD Graphene Growth Mechanism on Nickel Thin Films - new

K. Al-Shurman[1], H. Naseem[2]
[1]The Institute for Nanoscience & Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
[2]Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

Chemical vapor deposition is considered a promising method for synthesis of graphene films on different types of substrate utilizing transition metals such as Ni. However, synthesizing a single-layer graphene and controlling the quality of the graphene CVD film on Ni are very challenging due to the multiplicity of the CVD growth conditions. COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to investigate ...

Multiphysics Simulation of Thermoelectric Systems - Modeling of Peltier-Cooling and Thermoelectric Generation

M. Jaegle
Fraunhofer-Institute for Physical Measurement-Techniques (IPM), Freiburg, Germany

Electro-thermal interaction is commonly considered only as a matter of joule heating. In addition, the Seebeck-, Peltier- and Thompson-Effects are significant in materials with high thermoelectric figure of merit Z. These thermoelectric materials have a high Seebeck-coefficient α, a good electric conductivity σ, and a poor thermal conductivity λ. They have widespread areas of ...

The Virtual Aquarium: Simulations of Fish Swimming

M. Curatolo [1], L. Teresi [2],
[1] Department of Engineering, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2] Department of Mathematics and Physics, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy

Our goal is to reproduce the key features of carangiform swimming by running 2D simulations which fully exploit the Fluid-Structure Interaction interface of COMSOL Multiphysics software. Fish swimming is an important area of research, with relevant developments on biomechanics, robotics and mathematical modeling. Usually, in fish swimming simulations, the motion of the fish is assigned, and much ...

Residence Time Distribution for Tubular Reactors - new

L. R. de Souza Jr.[1], L. Lorenz[1]
[1]Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

In the core of Chemical Engineering is the reactor design that includes most of all scientific disciplines. The reactors, in general, are treated ideally. Unfortunately, it is observed in the real world a very different behavior from that expected. Thus, to characterize nonideal reactors is used, among others, residence time distribution function E(t). The aim of this present work is to ...