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A Computational Acoustic Interrogation of Damage to Wind Turbine Blades

R. Canturk [1], M. Inalpolat [1],
[1] University of Massachusetts - Lowell, Lowell, MA, USA

Modern wind turbine blades consist of composite airfoil shaped structures that form a hollow acoustic cavity. Because of continually varying aerodynamic forces, gravitational loads, lightning strikes, and weather conditions, all blades will experience leading and trailing edge splits, cracks, or holes. Acoustic sources (speakers and wind flow) excite this dynamic cavity structure. The blade ...

Level-Set based Topology Optimisation of Convectively Cooled Heatsinks

M. S. Santhanakrishnan [1], T. Tilford [1], C. Bailey [1],
[1] The University of Greenwich, London, United Kingdom

Introduction Thermal management is a key challenge in development of modern microelectronics systems. This is becoming an increasingly critical area of microelectronics packaging design due to the ever increasing levels of miniaturisation, integration and operating frequency which result in significantly higher power densities. This study looks to address this challenge through advanced ...

Evaluation of the Shutdown Time of Subsea Pipeline for Oil Transportation - new

D. Maciel[1], N. Bouchonneau[1]
[1]Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

The maintenance plan or rush-to-repair of a subsea pipeline for oil transport may result in the shutdown of the line, in other words, may stop the flow of fluid. During the shutdown, the temperature of the oil tends to decrease continuously, and the heavy molecules tend to crystallize and suspend in the oil, which increase the viscosity of the oil, and even form a paraffinic compound or freeze ...

Photo-Biological Reactor for Organic Waste Consumption and Hydrogen Production - new

L. F. de Souza[1]
[1]Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

A simple steady-state photo-fermentative biochemical model was developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics'® Transport of Diluted Species physics interface. A dimensionless model seeks optimal physical parameters based on given biochemical parameters found in literature. A parametric sweep of the physical parameters is enabled without altering the mesh. Other limitations can be easily added to this ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® 在热发电用真空集热管设计中的应用

赵旭山 [1], 郝雷 [1], 蒋利军 [1], 米菁 [1], 杨海龄 [1],
[1] 北京有色金属研究总院,北京,中国

随着能源紧张、油价攀升,环境污染严重,利用可再生绿色能源又成为不懈努力的方向。槽式太阳能热发电技术具有兼容性强、对电网冲击小、性价比高、发电成本低、可存储可调度等特点,近年来得到了迅猛发展,其核心部件为高温太阳能真空集热管,如图1所示。本研究利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 针对真空集热管真实工况下的动态过程开展研究,并在此基础上开展集热管结构的优化设计。 由图 1 可知:集热管在电站中服役工况下,槽面会聚的太阳光主要集中于集热管下半面,上半面接收的会聚太阳光较少;导热工质自吸收管一端进入,接收会聚太阳光辐照能量,从吸收管另一端流出,流入→流出过程中,导热工质被加热;集热管外表面与外部环境通过热辐射和对流两种方式换热;吸收管与玻璃罩管间形成的环形密闭高真空区域各内表面通过热辐射换热,不考虑对流;集热管两端支撑固定于聚光器上,由于本身自重和热应力,会产生一定形变。 ...

Transformation Optics Simulation Method for Stimulated Brillouin Scattering

R. Zecca [1], P. T. Bowen [1], D. R. Smith [1], S. Larouche [1],
[1] Center for Metamaterials and Integrated Plasmonics and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA

Stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) is a nonlinear phenomenon coupling optical and elastic waves. Traditionally regarded as an undesirable side-effect, it has garnered renewed interest as a platform for investigating slow light, nonreciprocity, and for designing high-performance chip-integratable optical elements. While the design of such devices relies on numerical simulations, frequency ...

Level Set Method for Fully Thermal-Mechanical Coupled Simulations of Filling in Injection and Micro-Injection Molding Process

M. Moguedet[1], R. Le Goff[1], P. Namy[2], and Y. Béreaux[3]
[1]Pôle Européen de Plasturgie, Bellignat, France
[2]SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
[3]INSA de Lyon, Site de Plasturgie, Bellignat, France

In this work we tackle a more theoretical aspect of micro-injection molding, to better understand physics during the process, through numerical simulations of cavity filling. We developed a two phase flow approach by the use of COMSOL Multiphysics®. In a first step, a Level Set model is applied to several configurations: Newtonian and non Newtonian fluid (Cross viscosity law), coupled with a ...

Demonstration of All-Optical NAND Logic Gate Using Photonic Integrated Circuits

J. T. Andrews[1], R. Choubey[1], O P Choudhary[1], N. Malviya[1], A. Patel[1], M. Kumar[1], S. Chouksey[1], J. Solanki[1]
[1]National MEMS Design Center, Department of Applied Physics, Shri G S Institute of Technology & Science, Indore 452003 MP, India

A logic gate performs a certain Boolean logic operation on one or more logical inputs and produces a single logical output. The logic values are either “true” or “false.” Logic gates are bistable devices, that is, they may yield one of these two possible stable outputs. The NAND logic is a universal gate; any logic operation can be performed with various combinations of NAND logics. Many ...

Deformation of Stamp Features with Slanted Walls During Microcontact Printing - new

F. E. Hizir[1], H. M. Al-Qahtani[1, 2], D. E. Hardt[1]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

Microcontact printing is a method for depositing patterns of thin films or molecular monolayers on surfaces using a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) stamp for selective mechanical contact (Figure 1). Undesired deformation of the stamp features during printing affects printed pattern quality. Hence, stamps need to be well-designed to prevent erroneous prints. Existing investigations identify the ...

Snap Buckling of a Constrained Photomechanical Switch Driven by Elastic Instability

M. L. Smith [1], A. A. Sicard [1], A. A. Skandani [2], M. R. Shankar [2],
[1] Hope College, Holland, MI, USA
[2] University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Photomechanical materials experience strains in response to light of certain wavelengths. These remotely triggered, photo-induced strains lead to large-scale deformations, presenting significant opportunities for wireless actuators and light-driven morphing structures. A large space of possible mechanical behaviors exist for these materials since their response depends on a variety of system ...