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Beam Splitter

A beam splitter is used to split a single beam of light into two. One way of making a splitter is to deposit a thin layer of metal between two glass prisms. The beam is slightly attenuated within the layer, and split into two paths. In this example, the thin metal layer is modeled using a transition boundary condition which reduces the memory requirements. Losses in the metal layer are also ...

Directional Coupler

Two embedded optical waveguides in close proximity form a directional coupler. The cladding material is GaAs and the core material is ion-implanted GaAs. The waveguide is excited by the two first supermodes of the waveguide structure - the symmetric and antisymmetric modes. Two numeric ports are used on both the exciting boundary and the absorbing boundary, to define the two modes. A boundary ...

Nanorods

A Gaussian electromagnetic wave is incident on a dense array of very thin wires (or rods). The distance between the rods and, thus, the rod diameter is much smaller than the wavelength. Under these circumstances, the rod array does not function as a diffraction grating (see the Plasmonic Wire Grating model). Instead, the rod array behaves as if it was a continuous metal sheet for light polarized ...

Fabry-Perot Cavity

This is an example of a Fabry-Perot cavity, the simplest optical resonator structure. It is a classical problem in optics and photonics. Two methods are shown for computing the Q-factor. The losses in this model are purely via radiation away from the resonator.

Self-Focusing

A Gaussian beam is launched into BK-7 optical glass. The material has an intensity-dependent refractive index. At the center of the beam, the refractive index is the largest. The induced refractive index profile counteracts diffraction and actually focuses the beam. Self-focusing is important in the design of high-power laser systems. The model demonstrates 3D nonlinear wave propagation.

Step-Index Fiber Bend

The first part of the application computes the modes for a straight step index fiber made of silica glass. In the second part, a step index fiber bend with a 3 mm radius of curvature is analyzed with respect to propagating modes and radiation loss. It is shown how to find the power averaged mode radius and how to use this to compute the effective mode index.

Computing the Scattering of Light from a Rough Surface with a Metal Coating

These examples demonstrate how to compute the total reflection, transmission, and absorption of light when a plane wave, at optical wavelengths, is incident upon a dielectric slab with a thin metal coating. Three examples are included that show: 1. An optically flat slab 2. A slab with a sinusoidal variation in height 3. A slab with random roughness These model files relate to the blog ...

Second Harmonic Generation of a Gaussian Beam (Wave Optics)

It is possible to generate harmonics that are multiples of the frequency of laser light by using nonlinear optical materials. This model demonstrates second harmonic generation using transient wave simulation and nonlinear material properties. A YAG (lambda=1.06 micron) laser beam is focused on a nonlinear crystal so that the waist of the beam is inside the crystal.

Gaussian Beam Incident at the Brewster Angle

This model demonstrates the polarization properties for a Gaussian beam incident at an interface between two media at the Brewster angle. The model shows how to use the Electromagnetic Waves, Beam Envelopes physics interface with a User defined phase specification. Matched Boundary Condition features are used for absorbing waves incident to boundaries at non-normal directions.

Second Harmonic Generation

It is more difficult to generate laser emissions in the short-wavelength part of the visible and near visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum than in the long-wavelength part. Nonlinear frequency mixing makes it easier to generate new short wavelengths from existing laser wavelengths. This tutorial model describes the second harmonic generation (SHG) process, where light at the fundamental ...