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Heat Transfer Modulex

Thermophoresis

When a temperature gradient in a gas exists, suspended particles will tend to move from regions of high temperature to low. The force which produces this effect is called the thermophoretic force. Gas molecules colliding with a particle from the hot side have a higher velocity than the ... Читать дальше

Thermo-Photo-Voltaic Cell

This model illustrates an application that maximizes surface-to-surface radiative fluxes and minimizes conductive heat fluxes. A thermo-photo-voltaic (TPV) cell generates electricity from the combustion of fuel and through radiation. The fuel burns inside an emitting device that ... Читать дальше

Nonisothermal MEMS Heat Exchanger

The example concerns a stainless-steel MEMS heat exchanger, which you can find in lab-on-a-chip devices in biotechnology and in microreactors such as for micro fuel cells. This model examines the heat exchanger in 3D, and it involves heat transfer through both convection and ... Читать дальше

Simulation of RF Tissue Ablation

This example exemplifies how to model tissue ablation through applying RF radiation. A more detailed description of the phenomenon, and the modeling process, can be seen in the blog post "[Study Radiofrequency Tissue Ablation Using Simulation](/blogs/study-radiofrequency-tissue-ablation ... Читать дальше

Calculating Mass and Energy Balances

This tutorial model can be used to learn how to calculate mass and energy balances. Get a detailed demonstration in this blog post: [How to Calculate Mass Conservation and Energy Balance](https://www.comsol.com/blogs/how-to-calculate-mass-conservation-and-energy-balance/) Читать дальше

Buoyancy Flow in Water

This example studies the stationary state of free convection in a cavity filled with water and bounded by two vertical plates. To generate the buoyancy flow, the plates are heated at different temperatures, bringing the regime close to the transition between laminar and turbulent. To ... Читать дальше

Thermal Bridges in Building Construction — 3D Iron Bar Through Insulation Layer

This model studies the heat conduction in a thermal bridge made up of an iron bar and an insulation layer that separates a hot internal side from a cold external side. The heat flux between internal and external side and the maximum temperature on the external wall are compared them with ... Читать дальше

Finned Pipe

Finned pipes are used for coolers, heaters, or heat exchangers to increase heat transfer. They come in different sizes and designs depending on the application and requirements. When the fins are placed outside the pipe, they increase the heat exchange surface of the pipe so that a ... Читать дальше

Convective Cooling of a Potcore Inductor

The inductor is a common component in a variety of electrical devices. Its applications include power transformation and measurements, and it can also be used together with capacitors to create oscillators. In small devices with many components, such as in laptops, heat generation can ... Читать дальше

Action on Structures Exposed to Fire — Thermal Elongation

This entry is a compilation of some examples from DIN EN 1991-1-2 (Actions on structures exposed to fire). Models that are included: 1. Cooling (HT) 2. Heating (HT) 3. Heat transfer through multiple layers (HT) 4. Thermal elongation (SME, thermal stress) 5. Thermal expansion (SME, HT, ... Читать дальше